Malaria control in Zambia

While malaria remains a major public health and development challenge in Zambia, a unique opportunity exists to scale up malaria-related interventions, strengthen systems, and make a major effort to Roll Back Malaria in Zambia. Malaria currently accounts for nearly four million clinically diagnosed cases per year, 36% of hospitalisations and outpatient department visits, and from one previous study at University Teaching Hospital, up to 20% of maternal mortality. In addition to the direct health impact of malaria, there is also a severe social and economic burden on our communities and country as a whole, but especially on the poorest among us, and those vulnerable individuals and households who are also trying to cope with the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Thus malaria control is addressed, not as a separate, vertical, disease-specific intervention but as part of a health systems strengthening effort to provide holistic services in all facets of care, and as part of a larger community-development effort. Through the National Malaria Strategic Plan 2006-2010, the Government of Zambia and many Roll Back Malaria Partners are committed to increasing coverage of key malaria control interventions and reducing the burden of malaria throughout the country.